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EDITORIAL

BANGSAMORO YOUTH CORNER
13 December 2012

PHILIPPINES-BANGSAMORO WAR IN MINDANAO:
ORIGIN AND AFTERMATH

By RRayhanR


ORIGIN OF THE PHILIPPINESBANGSAMORO WAR IN MINDANAO

The Philippines--Bangsamoro war of attrition in Mindanao in modern history originated from the political and economic greed of Filipino politicians, like Manuel L. Quezon, Claro M Recto, Elpidio Quirino, among others, who used the "law of the jungle" that "might is right" in concocting the "legalised land-grabbing" piece of legislation in the 1935 Philippine Commonwealth regime Legislature (National Assembly) known as "Legislative Act 4197" or the draconian "Quirino-Recto Colonisation Act."

     

The "legalised land-grabbing" sinister scheme was a duplication of the diabolical strategic policy of the US government that started in 1700s of creating the "worst Holocaust" in global history, utilising also with blatant impunity the jungle law that really "might is right." The American-designed "worst Holocaust", which later was photo-copied by the Adolph Hitler regime in Germany against the Jews prelude to World War II, glorified the premeditated massive massacring of around "One Hundred Million Native Americans" (aboriginal Indians of America). The mass killings coupled with subterfuge peace treaties-signing were conducted in cold-blood by the US government soldiers in order to land-grab the ancestral lands of the Indian natives and to erase into extinction the various tribal groupings belonging to the historically-known Indian Nation.

     

In the oppressive course of American invasion and colonisation campaigns in the Bangsamoro homeland of Mindanao, Sulu and Palawan (MINSUPALA), the American marauders wanted to repeat this horrible strategic machination towards the Muslim and Highlander native inhabitants of the Mindanao region. But they never succeeded because the Bangsamoro warriors of Mindanao

proved to be far superior than the vanquished American native Indians in the art of guerilla warfare.

Nonetheless, under the patronage of American Imperialism, while colonising and occupying the islands of Luzon, Visayas and Bangsamoro (Moro Nation) from 1899 up to 1945, the early unscrupulous Filipino leaders in conspiracy with the American colonisers shrewdly schemed the filipinasation and possible christianisation of the Muslim and Indigenous Peoples of Mindanao. Both conspirators were totally blind and deaf to the forthcoming destructive repercussion ventilated most occasionally by the restless Bangsamoro people. Yet, in both conciliatory appeals and formal petitions addressed directly to the US government, exemplified by the Zamboanga Manifesto of 1935 and the Dansalan Declaration of 1935, the Bangsamoro leaders forewarned the terrible hostilities between the Christian Filipinos and the Bangsamoro Muslims related to the tragic colonisation and forced occupation of the Bangsamoro homeland. The case of the Bangsamoro people in maintaining and regaining their independence and national self-determination was even personally brought to the floor of the US Congress in 1936 by Congressman Robert Bacon of New York, but to no avail.

 

Thus, completely ignoring the repeated appeals and petitions of the Bangsamoro people for distinct separation with the Christian Filipinos in any future independent government promised by the American colonisers to the colonised Filipino and Bangsamoro population, the US government and Philippine Commonwealth regime under President Manuel L. Quezon, who erroneously maneuvered to obliterate the rightful sovereignty power and influence of the Mindanao-based Sultanate of Sulu and North Borneo, Sultanate of Maguindanao and Buayan, and as well the Apat-Na-Pangampong district Sultanate of Lanao, contrived to formalise presumably and to continue the unjust and immoral colonisation of Mindanao, Sulu and Palawan by arbitrarily incorporating the Bangsamoro homeland into the "American-fabricated Philippine Republic" on July 4, 1946.

 

Subsequently, however, barely a few years after the illegal annexation of Mindanao together with the Igorots' ancestral homeland Cordillera Region (Mountain Province), the Maas Kamlon revolt in Sulu and the Lanao uprising led by Datu Abdulmajid Panoniongan and Datu Tawantawan erupted in the 1950s, signalling the restiveness, defiance and violent protest of the oppressed Bangsamoro people against Philippine colonialism under President Elpidio Quirino.

 

As related by R.J. May (The Wild West in the South: A Recent Political History of Mindanao, Mindanao: Land of Unfulfilled Promise): "In the early post-war years there were renewed anti-government "disturbances". In Lanao, Datu Abdulmajid Panoniongan and Datu Tawantawan challenged governmental troops briefly, and on Sulu, Datu Hadji Kamlon staged an armed uprising which lasted for several years. These events prompted a special committee of the House of Representatives to investigate the "Moro Problem", and its report was instrumental in the creation in 1957 of the Commission on National Integration (CNI). The CNI, which was abolished by President Marcos in 1975, however, achieved little. As evidenced of its failure, in 1961-1962 a bill was filed in the Philippine Congress seeking the separation of Sulu from the Republic."

 

 In the closing period of 1960s, Philippine colonialism under the Marcos regime perpetrated the worst genocidal war against the Bangsamoro people by instigating and arming Christian settler groups in Mindanao to conduct systematic depredations against the Muslim and Indigenous Peoples of Cotabato, Lanao and Zamboanga peninsula, driving the native inhabitants from their ancestral lands to be forcibly occupied by the Christian settlers from Luzon and Visayas. The systematic ethnic cleansing strategy was supported by the colonial Philippine military occupation soldiers and para-military troops created by the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP).

 

Furthermore, backdrop by the shocking Jabidah massacre in Corrigidor Island in 1968 code-named "Operation Merdeka", involving the mass killing of close to One Hundred Tausug Muslim trainees for Sabah invasion by AFP soldiers under the direct command of the Marcos-handpicked henchman Major Eduardo Martelino of the Philippine Air Force, the Bangsamoro people were thus reawakened to ignite their freedom struggle against Philippine colonialism under the murderous Marcos government. Similar to the past struggle to maintain and regain independence and national self-determination from the ugly clutches of Spanish, American and Japanese invaders, the Bangsamoro people represented by the Moro National Liberation Front under Chairman Nur Misuari launched the modern-day liberation struggle against Philippine colonialism.

 

As outlined by Datu Bagel Datusapalaw in Facebook: "...the Bangsamoro armed struggle in 1968 was a continuation of the more than 300 years resistance of our great forebears against Spain and America and also against the Japanese. The battle cry was independence. There was only one armed, political. diplomatic and military organisation acting as one vanguard of the Bangsamoro people and it was the MNLF, which kept burning the liberation struggle from Taraguna up to Davao and Palawan forcing the Marcos regime to seek ceasefire through the OIC. At the lengthy peace negotiations in Libya, the OIC convinced MNLF to accept political settlement. In 1976, the Tripoli Peace Agreement was signed defining clearly genuine political autonomy in the 13 provinces  and all the cities therein. The GRP would conduct constitutional process to deliver its commitment, but after the signing of the agreement it changed its interpretation of the constitutional process to run away from its commitment. The agreement was between the Bangsamoro people represented by the MNLF and the Republic of the Philippines. But even in the face of its failure to implement the provisions of the agreement it signed in 1976 and 1996, the Philippine government entered into another agreement which is full of ambiguities."

 

Thus, on this recent development, the Philippines--Bangsamoro war in Mindanao, which already registered more than 200,000 human deaths of Muslims and Lumad Animists, burning of great number of houses and mosques and countless material losses of the suffering Bangsamoro populace, including abuses of fundamental human rights, like rape and salvaging committed by the AFP occupation forces with brazen impunity, has not been seriously given consideration for comprehensive solution by Philippine colonialism so as "just and lasting peace", not war, is to triumph in war-ravaged Mindanao.

 

AFTERMATH OF THE PHILIPPINES--BANGSAMORO WAR IN MINDANAO

Thirty years ago today, after Philippine colonialism under President/Dictator Ferdinand E. Marcos signed the highly media-hyped historical breakthrough Tripoli Peace Agreement in 1976, the Jeddah Peace Accord in 1987 under President Corazon C. Aquino, and the Jakarta MNLF-OIC-GRP Final Peace Agreements in 1996 under President Fidel V. Ramos, the Philippines--Bangsamoro war in Mindanao has still remained without permanent closure. Apparently, Philippine colonialism needs only to buy time in delaying the peace process. It is deliberately not at all interested  to implement any peace agreement forged with the colonised Bangsamoro people in order to remain enforce the "legalised land-grabbing" 1935 Quirino-Recto Colonisation Act.

 

Thus, it is really quite strange that with the signing of the three agreements in the past by Philippine colonialism and the Bangsamoro people represented by MNLF being the pillar of the Bangsamoro people's freedom struggle, the present Aquino II regime has unilaterally decided to forge another peace agreement with the MILF, disregarding totally the peace agreements signed by his predecessors with the MNLF.

 

Creating another euphoria of hope for peace in the Bangsamoro homeland similar to the atmosphere and situation in 1976, 1987 and 1996, Philippine colonialism under the Aquino II government has this time conspired with Malaysian colonialism under Prime Minister Dato Seri Najib Tun Razak in signing the November 15, 2012 Framework Agreement on Bangsamoro (FAB) based on the justification of replacing the existing 5-province Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) because the political entity is a failed experiment.

 

For point of emphasis, the ARMM was unilaterally manufactured by Philippine Congress under the Aquino I regime to give a semblance that Philippine colonialism has implemented the 1976 Tripoli Peace Agreement and the 1987 Jeddah Peace Accord. It was from the beginning a failed experiment because it was meant only to deceive the Bangsamoro people and the global peaceful community of nations. Thus, it would be not quite surprising if the present course of political action taken by the Aquino II regime in tandem with the Malaysian Razak regime is again to mesmerize only the Bangsamoro people and the peaceful humanity that peace, not war, is the end goal of both Filipino and Malaysian colonisers today.

 

What of the Philippines--Bangsamoro war in Mindanao? Is the comprehensive peaceful settlement of the Filipino-Moro hostilities in Mindanao within the ambit of the establishment of the planned Bangsamoro government called for by the 2012 FAB as conceived by the MILF, Aquino II dispensation and Malaysian government? Will the final, just and lasting peace in Mindanao be surely established if both the 1996 MNLF-OIC-GRP FPA and the 2012 MILF-GPH FAB be linked and harmonised as called for by the OIC and other stakeholder sectors to finally end the Philippines--Bangsamoro war in Mindanao?

 

On the other hypothetical note, although both the 1996 FPA and the 2012 FAB would be linked, harmonised and adopted to become the substantial road map to ultimately solve the Filipino-Moro conflict in Mindanao to guarantee permanent peace in war-torn Mindanao, is this achievable while still the active freedom fighters of the Moro Islamic Freedom Movement (MIFM) under Al-Ustaj Umra Amiril Kato are continuously waging the freedom struggle against Philippine colonialism to prove the moral point that the only substantial solution to the nagging Philippines--Bangsamoro war in Mindanao is the freedom of the Filipino-colonised Bangsamoro people and the independence of the Filipino-occupied Bangsamoro homeland of Mindanao, Sulu and Palawan? -rrr/bfs    

              

   
   

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