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EDITORIAL

03 September 2012

BANGSAMORO HISTORICAL NOTES

DOWN UNDER PHILIPPINE COLONIALISM:
WHY BANGSAMORO PEOPLE SUFFER MISERY OF WAR,
POVERTY, HUNGER, CORRUPTION, ETC.?

PHASE I - WHY THE MALPRACTICE OF COLONIALISM BY THE CHRISTIAN PHILIPPINE REPUBLIC?

PHASE II - WHY DO BANGSAMORO PEOPLE SUFFER THE MISERY OF WAR, POVERTY, HUNGER, CORRUPTION, PROSTITUTION AND OTHER SOCIAL ILLS UNDER PHILIPPINE COLONIALISM?

PHASE I - WHY THE MALPRACTICE OF COLONIALISM BY THE CHRISTIAN PHILIPPINE REPUBLIC?


        In history, the birth of Philippine colonialism is credited to the Spanish, American and Japanese colonizers, who took turns within the period of more than three hundred years terrorizing, abusing and exploiting the Muslim and Indigenous peoples of Mindanao, Sulu and Palawan (MINSUPALA). 

As willing and mightily proud inheritor of the oppressive policy of the piratical foreign invaders imbued with the sinister machination to kill and even to massacre the native inhabitants of MINSUPALA just to land-grab their ancestral homeland, and to convert them into colonial slaves, Philippine colonialism has chartered the same evil scheme over the Muslim and Highlander natives of Mindanao for more than six decades now.

What is the evil that is colonialism, which is a destructive weapon used by foreign invaders to terrorize, murder and eventually enslave native inhabitants?

According to Tan Ta Sen (Chang Ho and Islam in Southeast Asia, 1988), " 'colonialism' is defined by Heywood as a theory or practice of establishing control over a foreign country and turning into a 'colony'. Colonialism is thus a particular form of imperialism. Colonialism is usually distinguished by settlement and by economic domination. As typically practiced in Africa and Southeast East Asia, colonial government was exercised by a settlement community from a 'mother country' which was technically distinct from the 'native population'."

Clearly, such definition is the classical example of the exploitative Filipino's forced hegemony over the colonized Muslim and Animist native inhabitants of Mindanao today.

History has revealed that the transformation of Mindanao into a defiant and restive colony of the different colonial foreign powers representing the stark economic and political greed of the Spanish, American, Japanese and Filipino oppressors is indeed a tragic case of the ugliness of colonialism if not also imperialism.      

From the beginning of the Spanish colonization campaigns into Mindanao in 1578, the foreign terrorists had always used far advanced war weaponry and Christianization tool in capturing the hearts and minds of the natives and likewise in robbing them of their precious ancestral land of birth. As noted, this was after overcoming the loosely-organized natives settlements of Muslims and Animists (called 'Indios' by Spanish invaders) in Manila in the 1560s. Nonetheless, the Mindanao-based free and sovereign Muslims (called 'Moros' by the Spaniards similar to the native Muslim settlers in Manila) vehemently challenged and fiercely fought the Manila-based combined Spanish-Filipino (Indio) invaders for more than three hundred years.

Thus, as chronicled in history, the three centuries-long Spanish-Moro war were simply that of "imperial conquest and Christianization", according to Dr. Cesar Adib Majul (Muslims In The Philippines, 1999).

The observation is clearly illustrated by the former Philippine Deputy Foreign Minister, Manuel Collantes, who commented:

"All of us have read the seven years war. The thirty years war and the hundred years war. But our Muslim brothers fiercely loyal to Islamic faith established a world record! The waged 333 years war against Spain, the mightiest power in its time. The unforgettable truth is that Spain, lacking in soldiers, used the Christian Filipinos to fight their Muslim brothers. Hence, the mutual rancor, the mutual suspicion, the mutual distrust between Christians and Muslims in our country were thus fomented and these have have regrettably, through lack of communication, endured for more than three centuries. The Americans in their turn succeeded the Spaniards, but failed to encourage a source of fraternity between Muslim and Christian Filipinos. Like the Spaniards before them, the Americans could never totally subdue our Muslim brothers."

After the Spaniards, the American imperialists played gods treacherously tormenting and enslaving the native inhabitants of Mindanao, treating them no less than like the aboriginal Indians and 'African Americans' in their own backyard comprising  of the vast mountainous native lands forcibly taken from the various Indian Nations of North America.

With the advent of world war II in the 1940s, the Bangsamoro people of Mindanao had to fight the Japanese invaders, who like the Spanish and American colonizers before them, were also selfishly motivated by economic and political greed in land-grabbing Moroland. The Bangsamoro freedom fighters fiercely battled the Asian invaders in Mindanao soil and inflicted on them the heaviest human casualty of Japanese soldiers as recorded even their own history.

As expected after the global war, when the U.S. government and the Philippine Commonwealth regime under President Manuel L. Quezon contrived in colonizing and occupying the Bangsamoro homeland MINSUPALA and arbitrarily incorporating it into the so-called Philippine Republic in 1946, the immoral action forewarned the ugly repercussion of the bloodiest Filipino-Moro war in Mindanao under Philippine colonialism today.

The blood-letting animosities between the Filipino colonizers and the colonized Bangsamoro people erupted initially in Lanao and Sulu during the 1950s with the Tawantawan uprising and the Kamlon revolt. The Kamlon armed protest resulted in the annihilation of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) Nenita Unit, a contingent fresh from the Korean campaign and considered the best military outfit in the Philippines. The 7-year bloody revolution led by the legendary Bangsamoro freedom fighter Maas Kamlon ended only when he was tricked into capitulation by a local Tausug politician utilized by the Elpidio Quirino regime .

The Filipino-Moro war intensified in the 1960s when Philippine colonialism under President/Dictator Ferdinand E. Marcos unleashed  a war of extermination and genocide against the Bangsamoro people of Mindanao in perpetuating both his murderous regime and colonial hegemony in the Filipino-occupied territory. During this turbulent period, he also attempted to invade and possibly to land-grab North Borneo (Sabah) being a historical part and parcel of the Sultanate of Sulu and North Borneo (SSNB) sovereignty. The different Mindanao Sultanate government of the Muslim natives - Tausug, Maguindanao, Iranon and Maranaw - was treacherously in 1936 decreed non-existent and powerless by the Philippine Commonwealth President Manuel L. Quezon whose evil strategy was to colonize and occupy Mindanao to run it like 'hell' under his oppressive colonial regime.

However, the deceptive hitlerian move of Dictator Marcos was exposed to the whole world by the Jabidah massacre in Corrigidor island, registering the manslaughter of sixty eight Muslim trainees by the AFP officers led by Philippine Air Force (PAF) Major Eduardo Martelino. The tragic murderous episode was revealed by the lone survivor, Jibin Arula, to both local and foreign media.

Thus, it was observed that with the full-scale eruption of the Mindanao war in closing 1960s up to 1970s, the Bangsamoro people became more emboldened and radicalized in organizing a freedom-conscious national military armed group. The militant course of action was undertaken by the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) under Chairman Prof. Nur Misuari, who continues until today in leading the struggle for national self-determination of the Bangsamoro people.

(To be continued in Phase II)

 

Related Articles:

DOWN UNDER PHILIPPINE COLONIALISM: WHY BANGSAMORO PEOPLE SUFFER MISERY OF WAR, POVERTY, HUNGER, CORRUPTION, PROSTITUTION, ALCOHOLISM, ETC.?

PHASE II - WHY DO BANGSAMORO PEOPLE SUFFER THE MISERY OF WAR, POVERTY, HUNGER, CORRUPTION, PROSTITUTION AND OTHER SOCIAL ILLS UNDER PHILIPPINE COLONIALISM?

Speech of Pres. Quezon Declaring the Colonization of the Bangsamoro Homeland Mindanao

PHILIPPINE STATE TERRORISM VIS-A-VIS BANGSAMORO FREEDOM STRUGGLE

RECLAIMING BANGSAMORO HUMANITY FROM FOREIGN COLONIZERS

PHILIPPINES-BANGSAMORO WAR IN MINDANAO:
COMPREHENSIVE SOLUTION?

Why Did Quezon Commonwealth Regime Design Eclipsing Bangsamoro Sultanate?

 

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