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EDITORIAL
25 April 2015

BANGSAMORO HISTORICAL NOTES

UNDER THE DARK SHADE OF MAMASAPANO INVASION

“INDEPENDENCE REFERENDUM IS SOLUTION TO BANGSAMORO
QUESTION, NOT ARMM OR BBL.” – REVEREND ABSALOM CERVEZA

 

HOW DOES PHILIPPINE GOVERNMENT ADDRESS THE MINDANAO CONFLICT?

Confirming the observation of the keen observers of the Mindanao war that has reached almost half a century without concrete solution,  MNLF Peace Panel Chairman Reverend Absalom Cerveza has recently pointed out that neither ARMM nor BBL can guarantee ‘just and lasting peace’ in Filipino-colonized Mindanao.

The observation of the MNLF Peace Panel Chairman is in accord with the ground Bangsamoro freedom fighters and the progressive sector of the Mindanao Tri-People. 

Viewing the deceptive political maneuver of the Manila government to holding peace talks and forging peace agreements with the Bangsamoro freedom fighters, but never implementing the letter and spirit of the documented accords except by imposing the biased will of the pork barrel-conscious Philippine Congress, this has led to the never-ending Filipino-Moro conflict since the 1950s. 

“Any so-called autonomous entity imposed by the Philippine colonial government cannot stop the worsening Filipino-Moro war in Mindanao because the sentiments of the Bangsamoro people have not been correctly and permanently addressed. But only suppressed by artificial remedial measures anchored on autonomy, such as Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) and Bangsamoro Basic Law (BBL)-centered (‘Bangsamoro’) prospect,” Reverend Cerveza has quoted Chairman Prof. Nur Misuari stressing the political reality.

Reverend Cerveza also revealed that the MNLF chairman has also cited the central reason why the powerful 57-nation Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) has rejected from inception the Cory Aquino government-created ARMM and the present BBL project of the present Aquino administration. The OIC has viewed the two Philippine autonomous versions as not likely to attain peace in Mindanao and to finally end the decades-long Filipino-Moro war in the occupied territory. The pan Islamic global body has always contended that the permanent solution to the Mindanao war is the full and correct implementation of the September 2, 1996 MNLF-OIC-GRP Jakarta Peace Agreements that included the letter and spirit of the 1976 Tripoli Peace Agreement.  

Addressing together the gathering of freedom fighters during the March 18, 2015 celebration of Bangsamoro Freedom Day that inspired the foundation of the Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) due to the infamous Jabidah massacre of Muslim youth trainees in Corrigidor Island by Filipino military soldiers, Reverend Cerveza on his part also revealed his intimate conversation with former Vice-President Emmanuel Pelaez in 1987.

The intimate conversation of the two Mindanaoan leaders centered on how to resolve finally and effectively the Bangsamoro Question. Since 1974, the Organization of Islamic Conference that is today Organization of Islamic Cooperation has had included the Bangsamoro Question next to the Palestine Question in the Middle East as one of its priority concerns for complete and just settlement. As a member of the MNLF delegation, Reverend Cerveza has accompanied the MNLF chairman in attending several Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers (ICFM) meetings in the past to personally understand the controversial problem.

While serving as Philippine Ambassador to the United States and concurrently GRP Peace Panel Chairman under the coup-wracked government of President Corazon C. Aquino in 1987, former Philippine Vice-President Emmanuel Pelaez intimated to Reverend Cerveza his earnest desire to solve the Mindanao war. He was agreeable to the conduct of “independence referendum” for the 13-province and 9-city stipulated in the Tripoli Peace Agreement if only to finally end the nagging Filipino-Moro war in Mindanao.

This was the crucial period before war broke out in Labatan, Zamboanga del Sur, sometime April 1987 between the Philippine military forces and MNLF

freedom fighters. Also, this was before the “10 plus 3 formula” was broached by the Aquino government to the MNLF. But the superficial political formula was categorically rejected by the MNLF leadership. The GRP peace panel under Chairman Emmanuel Pelaez impressed upon MNLF Chairman Nur Misuari in Indanan, Sulu the proposal of implementing the Tripoli Peace agreement initially with 10 provinces and later followed by 3 provinces. Nonetheless, this was turned down by the MNLF leadership since this contradicted the letter and spirit of the historical 1976 Tripoli agreement.  

Thus, the idea of independence referendum was not put to worthy use and the Aquino government proceeded to establish the fake Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao in 1987. But the Philippine version ARMM was totally rejected by the OIC and MNLF. The cosmetic 4-province ARMM was later upgraded to the 5-province ARMM during the Arroyo government in 2001, leading to the continuity of the Mindanao conflict to this day.

MILITARY GAME OF DECEPTION THAT IS THE
MAMASAPANO INVASION

After the February 2015 Mamasapano invasion by the Filipino elite PNP SAF invaders that was diabolically stage-managed by President Benigno S. Aquino III and suspended PNP Chief Purisima, the fate of the Bangsamoro Basic Law (BBL) is seemingly now in limbo.

The Mamasapano invasion fiasco also shattered the dream of the Filipino colonialist president to garner a peace prize award similar to President Fidel V. Ramos in 1998. Together with MNLF Chairman Nur Misuari, President Ramos was awarded by the United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) the prestigious “Felix Houphout-Boigny Peace Award” in Dakar, Senegal, on June 17, 1998.

 The proposed autonomous “Bangsamoro” concept courtesy of BBL has emerged akin to the 1st Aquino regime’s deceitful political game ARMM. As ARMM was dubbed a “failed experiment” by the current 2nd Aquino government, the new autonomous version based on BBL is apparently shaping up into another “failed experiment” because it is worsening the Mindanao war rather than gaining Mindanao peace.

Simply put, the BBL has from the beginning triggered the worst AFP-MNLF war inside Zamboanga City in September, 2013. The fierce fighting resulted because the Aquino government showed no respect for the GRP-OIC-MNLF Jakarta Peace Agreements that emboldened the local Zamboanga City government in banning forcibly the peaceful assembly of MNLF peace rally demonstrators and supporters.

Yet, in other urban centers, like Jolo (Sulu), Isabella (Basilan), Dadiangas (GenSan) and Davao City, the MNLF demonstrators and mass supporters were allowed to stage a peace rally in showing support for the peaceful establishment of the United Federated States of Bangsamoro Republik (UFSBR).

It was also noted that BBL triggered the fierce war between the Sultanate of Sulu and North Borneo (SSNB) royal forces and the federal Malaysan soldiers in Lahad Datu, Sabah on March, 2013.

Sensing the SSNB leadership could not anymore trust Philippine colonialism under President Benigno S. Aquino III with the “Sabah claim,” the Sulu Sultanate under the late Sultan Muhammad Jamalul Kiram III sent his brother, Raja Mudah (Crown Prince) Agbimuddin Kiram and around 200 Tausug constituents for a home-coming visit to Sabah. But they were forcibly blocked and given harsh ultimatum not to enter their ancestral homeland.

In history, Sulu Sultanate’s North Borneo (now Sabah and Sarawak) was only leased by Sultan Muhammad Jamalul Alam to a British Company represented by Gustavus Baron de Overbeck of Hong Kong and Alfred Dent, Esquire, of London on January 22, 1878. The Sulu Sultanate sovereign ruler executed the “permanent lease” exclusively to the private British Company to raise the much-needed monetary resources in purchasing firearms and other war weaponry to combat the Christianization conquest campaigns of the voracious Spanish invaders. The British Company was also obligated to pay Sultan Jamalul Kiram and his heirs and successors the sum of “five thousand dollars” annually, to be paid each and every year beginning 1878.

For mysterious reason, the commercial British Company later turned over the leased territory to the British government. Without consultation with the Sulu Sultanate rulers being the rightful owners of the leased territory, the British government strangely handed in silver platter North Borneo to its independence-seeking former colony Malaya (“Malaysia’ in 1963).

Thus, the “Sabah claim” was pursued by the SSNB leadership under Sultan Ismael Kiram I by authorizing the Philippine government under President Diosdado Macapagal with the legitimate claim in early 1960s. But the present Aquino government has completely ignored the Sabah claim similar to the GRP-OIC-MNLF Jakarta Peace Agreements of September 2, 1996.  

The Aquino government was bent to pursue its political scheme backed by facilitator Malaysia in railroading the BBL project into the consciousness of both the Filipino and Bangsamoro communities. This was justified with the shallow pretext that this could finally end the Mindanao war and achieve “just and lasting peace” in war-ravaged Bangsamoro national homeland of Mindanao, Sulu and Palawan (MINSUPALA).

Nevertheless, it came to pass that the controversial BBL project has only led to the 2013 Lahad Datu war in Sabah between the 200 Tausug (Suluk) Muslim family members secured by around 30 SSNB royal army and the “10,000-strong federal Malaysian soldiers”.  The United Nations (UN) Secretary General Ban Ki-moon had to personally call upon the contending parties to stop the SSNB-Malaysia war in Sabah.

The March, 2013 Sulu Sultanate-Malaysia war in Sabah was followed by the September, 2013 AFP-MNLF war in Zamboanga City, causing catastrophic consequences for the oppressed Muslim civilians of the city.

Worse, instead of ending the 19-day AFP-MNLF war on its 5th day, President Benigno S. Aquino and DILG Secretary Manuel Roxas II chose to continue the worsening blood-letting by undermining the ceasefire move of Vice-President Jejomar Binay, Defense Secretary Voltaire Gazmin and MNLF Chairman Nur Misuari.

The Zamboanga City war ended only with the direct intervention of the United Nations (UN), Organization of Islamic Cooperation, European Union (EU), Indonesian government plus several peace advocate NGOs. But the urban war had caused unprecedented ill-effects of humanitarian disaster devastation resulting in the burning by AFP soldiers of around “10,160 houses, mosques and learning centers” in thickly civilian-populated six villages as well as dislocation of close to 200,000 human refugees. The refugee problem has not been given complete solution by the Manila and local city government up to date.

CONTINUING DEBACLE OF THE FILIPINO COLONIALIST INVADERS TO MINDANAO

On the February 2015 Mamasapano invasion that resulted in the killing of 44 PNP SAP invaders, including 12 defenders of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) and 8 Muslim civilians, during the early morning attack in Mamasapano, Maguindanao, it was reported that the Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Movement (BIFM) Mujahidin were also involved.

Clearly, the firefight turned out into one of the worst debacles suffered by the Philippine National Police (PNP) command. Strangely though, the Philippine colonial government and mouthpiece mass media shamelessly wanted to portray the humiliating defeat of the Filipino invaders into a “massacre” to honor seemingly the “44 fallen heroes”.

It is only mind-bugling how can the failed mission codenamed “Oplan Exodus” of Filipino police invaders over the alerted Bangsamoro defenders of their homeland and freedom turned out into a “massacre”?

Clearly, the Mamasapano controversy has only demonstrated again the Filipino colonizers’ typical psyche of propaganda deception similar to considering the “surrender” or “fall of Bataan” into “heroes’ day,” and, ironically, classifying Filipino dictator Marcos and capricious Imelda as “Malakas” and “Maganda” of the fictional Filipino myth legend.

Thus, simply analyzed by a Bangsamoro intellectual BenJ Bangahan in Facebook, the Mamasapano invasion transformed by Filipino colonizer minds’ into a “massacre” is just clearly “an insult to intelligence.”  

The Filipino colonizers may have forgotten that this also happened to the elite Philippine Korean war veterans called ‘Nenita Unit’ in Jolo Island during the early 1950s when the whole battalion-strong unit Filipino invaders were wiped out by Moro freedom fighters under the legendary Maas Kamlon.

The famous Tausug warrior could not just understand why he had to pay land taxes to the oppressive “Bisayah” (slave) Filipino colonizers and not to the Sultanate of Sulu and North Borneo sovereignty. Thus, he led to initially stage a freedom struggle against the Philippine colonial government under President Elpidio Quirino that later inspired the young Moro professionals to follow his footprints in the annals of Bangsamoro history in 1960s during the murderous Marcos regime.

The Filipino invaders to Mindanao also suffered another humiliating debacle when around “42 AFP officers and combat soldiers” were ambushed by MNLF freedom fighters under the legendary Moro mass leader Amah Usman Salih in Danag, Patikul, Sulu in 1977. This followed after the treacherous maneuver of the Marcos government not to implement in letter and spirit the 1976 Tripoli agreement. Instead the Marcos dictatorship deceitfully negotiated directly with the MNLF ground leaders to undermine the peace accord.        

Thus, if today majority of the Filipino colonizers, including those in government, particularly most of the law-making members of both Houses of Philippine Congress, have expressed pessimism on the outcome of BBL, this should not pose a surprise.

Analyzing vividly the political events in the Philippines, the pork barrel system available to the political leaders in Malacanang can still make wonders for the BBL in Philippine Congress. This is notwithstanding the fact that it can never bring peace because it cannot simply end the Bangsamoro freedom struggle currently waged by both the MNLF and BIFM Mujahidin to date.

After all, the money-hungry Filipino colonialist land-grabbers of Luzon have always shown no compassion and expressed no qualms for continuing the Filipino-Moro war in Mindanao in pursuing the forced colonization of the occupied territory.

Judging the shady and malevolent handiwork of the Office of the Peace Adviser on Peace Process (OPAPP) all throughout the years now, the Filipino colonizers have almost perfected their political games of deception to divide the Bangsamoro people and freedom fighters as well to hoodwink humanity into believing in a show-case window of “peace process.” But the fact cannot be hidden that the dark side is just to continue war and delaying peace in order to preserve Philippine colonialism in war-torn Mindanao.

On the BBL formula, if only to continue the Philippine political game of deception the Manila government with the legislative band aid of Philippine Congress can surely create another autonomous monster like ARMM. But is it worth the price of continuing the Mindanao war and betraying for the nth time Mindanao peace? 

In the final analysis, it is clearly observed that with any signed peace agreements forged with the oppressed Bangsamoro people, the Philippine colonial government has had always the political deception and political will to justify the injustice committed against the colonized victims. But is there no providential end to the stark injustice and a repeat of another grievous injustice perpetrated by the oppressive Filipino colonizers against the oppressed colonized Bangsamoro people?   

This has indeed become the monumental grey legacy of the oppressive Filipino colonizers to the oppressed colonized Tri-People of Mindanao. The Filipino colonizers have only duplicated and repeated the wickedness, brutality and plunder of the Spanish, American and Japanese imperialist invaders of the past against the Indigenous Peoples of Mindanao.

Hence, the freedom struggle of the Bangsamoro people against the Filipino inheritors of Spanish, American and Japanese imperialism has to be continuously waged for the complete independence and national self-determination of the oppressed and colonized victims of Philippine colonialism. – osm/mnlfnet.com

 

 

 

 

   

   

Related Articles:

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“MINDANAO PEACE IS BANGSAMORO FREEDOM, NOT INJUSTICE OF PHILIPPINE COLONIALISM.” –REVEREND ABSALOM CERVEZA

THERE HAS TO BE A BANGSAMORO NATION.” – MAYOR RODRIGO DUTERTE

When Will Filipino Colonialist Land-grabbers Stop War Crime Against Humanity in Mindanao for Peace?”
– Reverend Absalom Cerveza

CELEBRATING 1ST ANNIVERSARY DECLARATION OF BANGSAMORO REPUBLIK, USING ‘RULE OF LAW’ IN LAND-GRABBING CAUSING MINDANAO WAR AND INVOKING PHILIPPINE CONSTITUTION IN PERPETUATING COLONIALISM

AN APPEAL TO THE CONSCIENCE AND HUMANITY OF THE UNITED NATIONS (UN), HELP RESTORE FREEDOM AND DIGNITY OF THE BANGSAMORO PEOPLE OF FILIPINO-COLONIZED MINDANAO!

CHAIRMAN MISUARI CALLS FOR UNITY OF ALL BANGSAMORO FREEDOM FIGHTERS

FILIPINO-MORO WAR IN MINDANAO: PATHWAY TO FREEDOM AND INDEPENDENCE

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AQUINO GOVERNMENT HAVE NO RESPECT FOR SEPTEMBER 2, 1996GRP-OIC-MNLF JAKARTA PEACE AGREEMENTS

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CALL FOR BANGSAMORO UNITY AND THE CALL FOR BANGSAMORO MARTYRDOM

WHO IS AFRAID OF MINDANAO INDEPENDENCE? - PROLOGUE

WHY DID AMERICA CONDEMN FILIPINOS AND MOROS TO THE MINDANAO WAR?
Part IV -
ILL-EFFECTS OF AMERICAN COLONIAL POLICY UNDER AMERICA-CREATED PHILIPPINE COLONIALISM 

WHY DID AMERICA CONDEMN FILIPINOS AND MOROS TO THE MINDANAO WAR?
Part III - DARK ROAD TO AMERICA-DESIGNED PHILIPPINE COLONIALISM 

WHY DID AMERICA CONDEMN FILIPINOS AND MOROS TO THE MINDANAO WAR?
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WHY DID AMERICA CONDEMN FILIPINOS AND MOROS TO THE MINDANAO WAR?
Part I -
BRIEF HISTORY OF AMERICAN GREED FOR POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC POWER

PHILIPPINE STATE TERRORISM VIS-A-VIS BANGSAMORO FREEDOM STRUGGLE

 

 

   

 

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