History of the Bangsamoro People
Support of the OIC
The Tripoli Agreement
The Jeddah Accord
The Final Peace Agreement
The 4th Bangsamoro People's National Congress
The 5th Bangsamoro People's National Congress
The UN Initiative
The MNLF-MILF Merger
Speeches of Chairman Misuari
The August 14, 2001 ARMM Plebiscite
The November 26, 2001 ARMM Election
Featured Articles
Press Releases
MNLF Foreign Offices


Ibrahim Omar
LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing (June 16, 2011)

Bangsamoro Question: Autonomy, Federalism or Independence? "History is the sum total of the things that could have been avoided," said Konrad Adenauer. The past Bangsamoro and Philippine history revealed that the Spanish, American and Japanese invaders regarded colonization as a solution to subjugate the Moros and to acquire the Bangsamoro homeland of Mindanao, Sulu and Palawan (MINSUPALA). Consequently, similar strategy was applied by the American-installed Philippine Commonwealth government in 1935. Without slightest care for moral uprightness and democratic norm, the Commonwealth regime designed to legitimize the 'colonization' and occupation of MINSUPALA by a law enacted in the Philippine National Assembly. This was Legislative Act No. 4197 of February 12, 1935 otherwise known as the Quirino-Recto Colonization Act. Thus, following the colonization and occupation of Moroland by the Philippine Commonwealth regime and, eventually, the arbitrary incorporation into the Philippine Republic on July 4, 1946, the agony and suffering of the colonized Bangsamoro people continued until today. Hence, the raging Filipino-Moro conflict in Mindanao to date and the need to achieve peace.

Muslims in the Philippines
Dr. Cesar Adib Majul
University of the Philippines Press, 1973
So far the most authoritative, unbiased  and detailed book on the history of the Bangsamoro people up to the departure of Spain from the Philippines. This is a definite must read for anyone interested in Bangsamoro history

The Sulu Zone, 1768-1898: The Dynamics of External Trade, Slavery, and Ethnicity in the Transformation of a Southeast Asian Maritime State
James Francis Warren
New Day Publishers, Quezon City, 1985
A continuing theme throughout (The Sulu Zone) is the distinction between various ethnic groups, several economic roles and their creation and maintenance by the incorporation of others. The thoroughness with which all this is done, using sources in a variety of languages, and spread far across the world is impressive, and the book makes a major contribution to...Southeast Asian history generally. -- Asian Studies Association of Australian Review.

Muslim Rulers and Rebels
Thomas M. McKenna , Barbara D. Metcalf
"In this first ground-level account of the Muslim separatist rebellion in the Philippines, Thomas McKenna challenges prevailing anthropological analyses of nationalism as well as their underlying assumptions about the interplay of culture and power." --The Publisher

The Sulu Zone: The World Capitalist Economy and the Historical Imagination
James Francis Warren

Format: Paperback, 71pp.
ISBN: 9053835687
Publisher: VU Boekhandel/Uitgeverij bv
Pub. Date: May  1998
From the Publisher

This study focuses on a fascinating geographical, cultural and historical 'border zone', centered around the Sulu and Celebes seas between 1768 and 1898, and its complex interactions with China and the West. Using freshly examined categories like 'piracy', 'slavery' and the 'State', the author analyses the dynamics of a Malayo-Muslim maritime state and its reactions to the world capitalist economy and the rapid advance of colonialism and modernity.

Authority in Islam: From the Rise of Muhammad to the Establishment of the Umayyads
Hamid Dabashi

The Kris in Philippine History: A Study of the Impact of Moro Anti-Colonial Resistance, 1571-1896"
Dery, Luis Camara: 1997,  248 pp.
This books tells about the impact of the Spanish-Moro wars on the Christians of North Philippines, how the “indios” were forced by the Spaniards to build paraos, lanchas, caracoas, and even vintas in response to the raids of the Moro, who were considered as the “masters of the seas”

The Swish of The Kris
Vic Hurley
One of the few old books written by an American author on the military history of the Bangsamoro people. Some of the incidents and battles fought between the Americans and the Moros were quite detailed. The author also praised the Moros in their bravery and prowess in the art of warfare.

Grunder, Garel; & Livezey, William.    University of Oklahoma Press, 1951, 316 pp.

The book gives a history of American and Philippine relations.  Chapters include:  Annexing the Philippines, Pacification of the Philippines, Establishment of Civil Government, Governing the Philippines 1902-13, Tariff and Shipping Policy, Friar and Friar Lands, The Moros, The Democrats Administer the Philippines, The Regime of Leonard Wood, etc. 

Chung, Lilia Hernandez.
Foundation for the Advancement of Science Education, UP, 1999, softcover, 134 pp.  $14.95
Signed Copies.  This is a collection of essays about Mindanao, written by the Hernandez brothers.  The essays were originally published in the Philippine Free Press and La Mujer between 1924-1927.  The essays won the coveted Zobel Prize of 1927.  The articles give a fascinating view of the Philippine Muslim World, especially in light of current Philippine politics.  The book includes black and white pictures.  

Celebrating Muhammad: Images of the Prophet in Popular Muslim Poetry
Ali Asani
Celebrating Muhammad examines a vital but often misunderstood aspect of Islamic piety - the deeply felt love and devotion of contemporary Muslims for the Prophet Muhammad and the importance that this devotion plays in their daily religious lives.

Islam and Resistance in Afghanistan
Olivier Roy

This history of the Afghan resistance movement has been expanded and updated to mid 1989 to include its evolution over the last years of Soviet presence as well as its relations with Islamic fundamentalist movements.

East Timor: Genocide In Paradise
2nd Edition, Jardine, M.
"In this book, Matthew Jardine and Chomsky tell the story of East Timor's heroic struggle against impossible odds, and explain why you so seldom hear about it in the western media. They also suggest ways you can help these long-suffering people gain the peace, freedom and justice they deserve."--The publisher

Benevolent Assimilation: The American Conquest of the Philippines, 1899-1903
Miller, S.
"Despite the length and cost of this war of imperial conquest, it has received comparatively little attention from American historians. {This} is the most thorough, balanced and well-written study to date of America's imperial adventure in the western Pacific and the most persuasive analysis of the varied reactions of the American people to the military subjugation of the Filipinos."-- New York Times Book Review

The History Atlas of Asia
Ian Barnes Bhikhu Parekh Robert Hudson

Here is the first comprehensive atlas of Asia's history told from the perspective of its people. From the world's oldest civilizations to the eve of twenty-first century world dominance, Asia's rich legacy is brought to life through word and image in this single volume. With handsome graphics and cutting-edge maps to illuminate the lively text, The History Atlas of Asia provides a uniquely authoritative and entertaining examination of Asia's distinct development.

India's Nuclear Bomb
Perkovich, G.
According to Reuters reports, Perkovich provides evidence that the U.S. considered arming several Asian countries with nuclear weapons, especially India. "Perkovich (W. Alton Jones Foundation) painstakingly describes the evolution of India's nuclear arsenal from 1947 to 1998. The stockpile resulted not from military need but rather from the efforts of India's scientific community and an extremely small number of politicians. Opposition groups, including several prime ministers, lambasted the diversion of funds from education, health, sanitation, and welfare programs to building bombs. Perkovich interweaves the complex relationships among India, the United States, Pakistan, and China regarding nuclear bombs, pointing out that none remained steadfast to principles. The work concludes with sets of principles that are then applied to other nuclear programs. Donald Johnson, Univ. of Minnesota Lib., Minneapolis Copyright 1999 Cahners Business Information. From the Library Journal c/o B&N.com.

Cloman, Lt. Col. Sydney
Doubleday, Page & Co., 1923, 1st Edition, hardcover, 180 pp.,
Col. Cloman's lively and colorful account of his adventures in Mindanao, with B&W photos. A valuable source for the study of Southern Philippines, as cited in Hamilton's From the Rainbow's Varied Hues.

Mandate in Moroland : The American Government of Muslim Filipinos, 1899-1920
Peter Gordon Gowing (Paperback - August 1983)

Triumph of Moro Diplomacy : The Maguindanao Sultanate in the 17th Century
Ruudje Laarhoven (Paperback - December 1989)
In this book, Ms. Laaroven made it known that the Maguindanao Sultanate after the reign of the famous Sultan Qudarat did not decline, in fact it expanded. She based her book on the Dutch historical archives, she being a native of the Netherlands. During that time, the Dutch were competing with the Spaniards for control of the spice monopoly trade in Southeast Asia. The Dutch records  show that the Moro trade with the Moluccas then controlled by the Dutch were flourishing.

Landor,A. Henry Savage

NY 1904. 8vo., 566pp., photo illus., index. An account of Savage Landor's travels in the Philippines and Sulu archipelagos.

Islam: A Short History
Karen Armstrong

Islam, A Short History is the concise summation of years of thinking and writing about the world's fastest growing religion, by Karen Armstrong, one of the foremost international scholars on religious affairs. Karen Armstrong writes about Islam with a deep understanding of the external history of Muslims, and the symbolic relationship between history and religion.

Covering Islam: How the Media and the Experts Determine How We See the Rest of the World
Edward Said

From the Iranian hostage crisis through the Gulf War and the first bombing of the World Trade Center, the American news media have portrayed "Islam" as a monolithic entity, synonymous with terrorism and religious hysteria. In this classic work, now updated, Said reveals the hidden agendas and distortions of fact that underlie even the most "objective" coverage of the Islamic world.

Homepage O History of the Bangsamoro People O The MNLF O Organization O Support from the OIC O The Tripoli Agreement
The Jeddah Accord 
O The Final Peace Agreement O The 4th Bangsamoro People's National Congress
The 5th Bangsamoro People's National Congress
O  The UN Initiative O The MNLF-MILF Merger O Speeches of Chairman Misuari
The August 14, 2001 ARMM Plebiscite
O The November 26, 2001 ARMM Election O Featured Articles
 Press Releases
O MNLF Foreign Offices O Contacts

Copyright 2001 b

Copyright 2001 by MNLF, Cotabato City