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BATTLES OF THE PROPHET SERIES
 

 THE  BATTLE OF UHUD

Excerpt from the book "The Battles Of The Prophet"
by Ibn Kathir as translated by Wa'il Abdul-Mut'aal Shihab

The author, Abu Al-Fida Imad Ad-Din Isma'il bin Umar bin Kathir Al-Qurashi Al-Busrawi was born in 1301 in Busra, Syria. Considered as one of the great Muslim scholars, Ibn Kathir wrote the famous Tafsir al-Quran al-Adhim, now popularly known as Tafsir Ibn Kathir. His other popular works include the 14-volume Al-Bidayah wan-Nihayah (The Beginning and the End) - considered one of the most authoritative sources on Islamic history, and Al-Sira An-Nabawiyyah (Life of the Prophet.) The book Battles of the Prophet is a part of Al-Bidayah wan-Nihayah. Ibn Kathir died in the year 774 AH (1373 CE).

"Uhud is a mountain that loves us and is loved by us," said the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). In this hadith, according to a group of Muslim scholars, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) meant his family - not the mountain itself - for the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to pass by it when returning from traveling. On the other hand, some scholars say that what is meant in the above hadith is the mountain of Uhud itself. The latter quote the following Qur’anic verse to support their opinion,

                                      

(And others (rocks) which sink for fear of Allah. ,)

(Al-Baqarah: 74)

 

Quraish made the raid of Uhud in Shawwal, 3 AH. Regarding the Battle of Uhud, Allah, Most High, has revealed the following Qur'anic verses:

(Remember that morning) thou didst leave thy household (early) to post the faithful at their stations for battle: and Allah hearth and knowth all things! Remember two of your parties mediated cowardice; but Allah was their Protector, and in Allah should the faithful (ever) put their trust. Allah had helped you at Badr, when ye were helpless: then fear Allah: thus may ye show your gratitude. Remember thou said to the faithful: 'Is it not enough for you that Allah should help you with three thousand Angels (specially) sent down?' Yea, if you remain firm, and act aright, even if the enemy should rush here on you in hot haste, your Lord would help you with five thousand angels clearly marked... Allah will not leave the believers in the state in which ye are now, until He separates what is evil from what is good nor will Allah disclose to you the secrets of the Unseen.

(Al 'Imran: 121-129)


 The Occasion of Uhud

 The scholars of Siyrah said that when the survivors of the defeated Quraish at Badr returned to Makkah, they gathered to speak with Abu Sufyan. They said, "Muhammad has killed our men, so help us fight him so that we may avenge those we have lost." In order to achieve their avowed goal, they agreed that everyone who had has a share in the caravan should put his profits towards the cost of a new army, which would be three times as big as the one at Badr.

 In this context, Allah, Most High, has revealed in the Glorious Qur'an,

(The unbelievers spend their wealth to hinder (men) from the path of Allah, and so will they continue to spend; but in the end they will have (only) regrets and sighs; at length they will be overcome: and the unbelievers will be gathered together to Hell.)

(Al-Anfal: 36)

 

Among those who joined the new army was an Abyssinian slave called Wahshi, who was known for his accuracy with the spear. His master, Jubair Ibn Al-Mut'im, said to him, "Go with the army and if you kill Hamzah, the uncle of Muhammad, in revenge for my uncle's death, I will set you free."

When Hind, the wife of Abu Sufyan, heard about this she sent a message to Wahshi to say that she would clothe him in gold and silk if he would carry out his master's wish, for she, too, wanted Hamzah dead because the latter had killed both her father and brother.

Quraish marched forth with the flower of their army, and their black troops, and their adherents from the tribe of Kinanah, and the people of Tuhamah, and women went with them to stir up their anger and prevent their running away. They went forward until they halted at Aynayn on a mount in the valley of Al-Sabkhah by the side of the valley opposite Madinah.

The archers assigned by the Prophet (PBUH) to guard the rear of their position to drive away any attack from their back. Indeed, they were attacked from behind when the Meccan army saw them leaving their position. Photo: "The Message"


Map showing the positions of the Muslims and the Meccan army including the position of the Muslim archers who left their position in defiance of the instruction of the Prophet (PBUH) which led to the defeat of the Muslims.


Muslims Prepare Themselves for Fighting

 On the other side, when the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of .Allah be upon him) heard about Quraish, and the Muslims had encamped, he said to them,

"By Allah, I have seen (in a vision) something that argues well. I saw cows, and I saw a dent in the blade of my sword, and I interpreted that to mean Madinah."

Both Al-Bukhari and Muslim narrated this on the authority of Abu Musa (may Allah be pleased with him) who said that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said,

"I saw in a dream that I moved a sword and its blade got broken, and that symbolized the casualties which the believers suffered on the day of Uhud. Then I moved it again, and it became as perfect as it had been, and that symbolized the Conquest (of Makkah) which Allah helped us to achieve, and the union of all the believers. I (also) saw cows in the dream, and what Allah does is always beneficial. Those cows appeared to symbolize the faithful believers (who were martyred) on the day of Uhud."

When the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) gathered his Companions around him to discuss what they would do, he though it would be better to wait for the enemy inside the city rather than go out to meet them because it would be easier to defend Madinah from inside the city walls. But the young Muslims were eager to go out and face Quraish. They said, "0 Messenger of Allah, lead us out against our enemies, or else they will think we are too cowardly and too weak to fight them." When the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) saw that the majority were in favor of going out to meet Quraish, he decided to do so.

 Meanwhile, the people had repented of their design, saying they thought they had persuaded the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) against his will, which they had no right to do so, so that when he went out to them they admitted that and said that if he wished to remain inside the city, they would not oppose him. Then, the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) pointed out,

"It is not fitting that a Prophet who has put on his armor should lay it aside until he has fought."

Therefore, he marched out with a thousand of his Companions, until when they reached Al-Shaut between Madinah and Uhud, Abdullah Ibn Ubai withdrew with a third of the men.

 About those who withdrew with Ibn Ubai, Allah, Most High, says in the Glorious Qur'an,

 

(What ye suffered on the day the two armies met, was ivith the leave of Allah, in order that He might test the believers) and the hypocrites also. These were told: `Come, fight in the way of Allah, or (at least) drive (the foe from your city). ' They said: 'Had we known there would be a fight, we should certainly have followed you.' They were that day nearer to unbelief than to faith, saying with their lips what was not in their hearts. But Allah hath full knowledge of all they conceal.

(Al 'Imran: 167)

 

Why should ye be divided into two parties about the hypocrites? Allah hath cast them off for their (evil) deeds.

(An-Nisa': 88)

Al-Bukhari narrated on the authority of Zaid Ibn Thabit (may Allah be pleased with him) who said, "When the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) set out for (the battle of) Uhud, some of those who had gone out with him returned. The Companions of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) were divided into two groups: One group said, 'We will fight them (i.e., the enemy),' and the other group said, 'We will not fight them.' So, there came the Divine Revelation:

 

Why should ye be divided into two parties about the hypocrites? Allah hath cast them off for their (evil) deeds.

(An-Nisa': 88)

 On that, the Prophet said,

'That is Taibah (i.e., the city of Madinah) which clears one from one's sins as the fire expels the impurities of silver.'"

According to 'Urwah Ibn Musa, when Ibn Ubai and his companions returned, the tribe of Salamah and the tribe of Harithah almost tried to give up the fight, therefore Allah, Most High, revealed the following Quranic verse,

 

Remember two of your parties mediated cowardice; but Allah was their Protector, and in Allah should the faithful (ever) put their trust.

(Al 'Imran: 122)

Jabir (may Allah be pleased with him) said that the Qui.' anic verse:

 

Remember  two of your parties mediated cowardice; but Allah was their Protector, and in Allah should the faithful (ever) put their trust.

(Al Imran: 122)

was revealed in our connection, i.e., the tribe of Salamah and the tribe of Harithah, and I would not have liked that, if it was not revealed, for Allah said:

But Allah was their Protector..

The remainder of the Muslims went on until they reached the mountain of Uhud. There the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) ordered them to stand in ranks in front of the mountain, so that they would be protected from behind. He then positioned fifty archers on the top of the mountain.

 In Al-Bukhari's Sahih, we read the following narration on the authority of Al-Bara' (may Allah be pleased with him) who said, "We faced the pagans on that day (of the battle of Uhud) and the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) placed a batch of archers (at a special place) and appointed Abdullah (Ibn Jubair) as their commander and said,

'Do not leave this place; and if you should see us conquering the enemy, do not leave this place, and if you should see them conquering us, do not (come to) help us,'

'So, when we faced the enemy, they took to their heel until I saw their women running towards the mountain, lifting up their clothes from their legs, revealing their leg-bangles. The Muslims started saying, 'The booty, the booty!' Abdullah Ibn Jubair said, 'The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) had taken a firm promise from me not to leave this place.' But his companions refused (to stay). So when they refused (to stay there), (Allah) confused them so that they could not know where to go, and they suffered seventy casualties. Abu Sufyan ascended a high place and said, 'Is Muhammad present amongst the people?' The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, 'Do not answer him.' Abu Sufyan said, 'Is the son of Abu Quhafah present among the people?' The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, 'Do not answer him.' Abu Sufyan said, 'Is the son of Al-Khattab amongst the people?' He then added, 'All these people have been killed, for, were they alive, they would have replied.' On that, 'Urnar could not help saying, 'You are a liar, 0 enemy of Allah! Allah has kept what will make you unhappy.' Abu Sufyan said, 'Superior may be Hubal (their idol)!' On that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said (to his Companions), 'Reply to him.' They asked, 'What may we say?' He (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said,

 'Say: Allah is more Elevated and more Majestic!'

 Abu Sufyan said, 'We have (the idol) Al-' Uzzah, whereas you have no 'Uzzah!' The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said (to his Companions), 'Reply to him.' They said, 'What may we say?' The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said,

 'Say: Allah is our Helper and you have no helper.'

 Abu Sufyan said, '(This) day compensates for our loss at Badr and (in) the battle (the victory) is always undecided and shared in turns by the belligerents. You will see some of your dead men mutilated, but neither did I urge this action, nor am I sorry for it.'"

At Uhud, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) refused the participation of some young Muslims, like Abdullah Ibn ' Umar and Usamah Ibn Zaid, for they too young to participate in fighting.

 Quraish mustered their troops about 3.000 men with 200 horses, which they had led along with them. Their cavalry on the left flank was commanded by Khalid Ibn Al-Walid; and on the right by Ikrimah Ibn Abi Jahl.

When the Muslims were in position, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) held up his sword and said, "Who will use this sword with its right?" This was a great honor and many men rose to claim it, but the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) decided to give it to Abu Dujanah who asked, "What is its right, 0 Messenger of Allah?" The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) answered,

 "That you should smite with it until it bends."

Now, Abu Dujanah was a brave and conceited man in battle and whenever he put on a red turban of his people knew that he was about to fight. He then began to strut up and down between the lines when the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said,

 "This is a gait which Allah hates exception an occasion like this."

As the fighting increased, the Quraishi women, led by Hind, began to beat their drams to urge their men on. On his part, Abu Dujanah said, "I saw someone urging the enemy on, shouting wildly, and I made for him, but when I lifted my sword against him he screamed and I saw that it was a woman; I respected the Messenger's sword too much to use it on a woman." That woman was Hind.

The Murder of Hamzah

As usual, Harnzah, the Prophet's uncle fought with great courage, but while leading the Muslims in fierce attack, which nearly defeated the enemy, he was suddenly and cruelly struck down by the slave Wahshi.

In his Sahih , Al-Bukhari narrated on the authority of Ja' far Ibn 'Amr Ibn Umaiyyah who said, "I went out with 'Ubaidullah Ibn 'Adi Al‑ Khaiyar. When we reached Hims (i.e., a town in Syria), Ubaidullah Ibn 'Adi said (to me), 'Would you like to see Wahshi so that we may ask him about the killing of Hamzah?' I replied, 'Yes.' Wahshi used to live in Hims. We inquired about him and somebody said to us, 'He is that in the shade of his palace, as if he were a full water skin.' So we went up to him, and when we were at a short distance from him, we greeted him and he greeted us in return. ‘Ubaidullah was wearing his turban and Wahshi could not see except his eyes and feet. Ubaidullah said, 'O Wahshi! Do you know me?' Wahshi looked at him and then said, 'No, by Allah! But I know that Adi Ibn Al-Khiyar married a woman called Umm Qital, the daughter of Abu Al-Is, and she delivered a boy for him at Makkah, and I looked for a wet nurse for that child. (Once) I carried that child along with his mother and then I handed him over to her, and your feet resemble that child's feet.' Then 'Ubaidullah uncovered his face and said (to Wahshi), 'Will you tell us (the story of) the killing of Hamzah?' Wahshi replied, 'Yes, Hamzah killed Tuaima Ibn Adi Ibn Al-Khaiyar at Badr (battle) so my master, Jubair Ibn Mut' im said to me, 'If you kill Hamzah in revenge for my uncle, then you will be set free.' When the people set out (for the battle of Uhud) in the year of 'Ainain ('Ainain is a mountain near the mountain of Uhud and between it and Uhud there is a valley), I went out with the people for the battle. When the army aligned for the fight, Siba' came out and said, 'Is there any (Muslim) to accept my challenge to a duel?' Hamzah Ibn Muttalib came out and said, 'O Siba'. O Ibn Umm Anmar, the one who circumcises other ladies! Do you challenge Allah and His Messenger?' Then Hamzah attacked and killed him, causing him to be non-extant like the bygone yesterday. I hid myself under a rock, and when he (i.e., Hamzah) came near me, I threw my spear at him, driving it into his umbilicus so that it came out through his buttocks, causing him to die. When all the people returned to Makkah, I too returned with them. I stayed in (Makkah) until Islam spread in it (i.e., Makkah). Then I left for Ta'if, and when the people (of Ta'if) sent their messengers to Allah's Messenger, I was told that the Prophet did not harm the messengers; So I too went out with them until I reached Allah's Messenger. When he saw me, he said, 'Are you Wahshi?' I said, 'Yes.' He said, 'Was it you who killed Hamzah?' I replied, 'What happened is what you have been told of.' He said, 'Can you hide your face from me?' So I went out when Allah's Messenger died, and Musailamah Al-Kadhdhab appeared (claiming to be a prophet), I said, will go out to Musailamah so that I may kill him, and make amends for killing Hamzah. So, I went out with the people (to fight Musailamah and his followers) and then famous events took place concerning that battle. Suddenly, I saw a man (i.e., Musailamah) standing near a gap in a wall. He looked like an ash-colored camel and his hair was disheveled. So, I threw my spear at him, driving it into his chest in between his breasts until it passed out through his shoulders, and then an Ansari man attacked him and struck him on the head with a sword. ' Abdullah Ibn 'Umar said, 'A slave girl on the roof of a house said: Alas! The chief of the believers (i.e., Musailamah) has been killed by a black slave.'"

The Murder of Mus' ab Ibn 'Umair

Mus'ab Ibn 'Umair (may Allah be pleased with him) fought in the defense of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) until he was killed. The one who killed him was Ibn Qami' ah Al-Laythi, who thought he was the Messenger of Allah, so he returned to Quraish and said, "I have killed Muhammad."

Al-Bukhari narrated that Sa' d Ibn Ibrahim said that a meal was brought to Abdur-Rahman Ibn 'Awf while he was fasting. He said, "Mus'ab Ibn Umair was martyred, and he was better than I, yet he was shrouded in a Burda (i.e., a sheet) so that, if his head was covered, his feet became naked, and if his feet were covered, his head became naked."

Abdur-Rahman added, "Hamzah was martyred and he was better than I. Then worldly wealth was bestowed upon us and we were given thereof too much. We are afraid that the reward of our deeds have been given to us in this life." Abdur-Rahman then started weeping so much that he left the food. When Mus'ab was killed, the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) gave the standard to 'Ali (may Allah be pleased with him), and ' Ali and the Muslims fought on.

 The unbelievers were soon scattered and forced to retreat. It looked as though they had been defeated. Seeing this forty of the fifty Muslim archers on the top of the mountain ran down from their position to collect booty, for the army of Quraish had left many of their belongings behind. The archers rushed to take what they could, forgetting the Prophet's orders.

 Khalid Ibn Al-Walid, commander of the Quraishi cavalry, saw what was happening and quickly turned his men around and ordered them to attack the Muslims from behind. The Muslims were taken completely by surprise. The Quraish then began attacking from both sides at once. Many Muslims were killed and instead of winning they began to lose the battle. The Muslims were put to flight and the enemy slew many of them.

 It was a day of trial and testing in which Allah, Most High, honored several with martyrdom, until the enemy got at the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) who was hit with a stone so that he fell on his side and one of his teeth was smashed, his face scored and his lip injured. The man who wounded him was Utbah Ibn Abi Waqqas.

 Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him) said that the Messenger of Allah (pointing to his broken canine tooth) said,

"Allah's wrath has become severe on the people who harmed His Prophet. Allah's wrath has become severe on a man who is killed by the Messenger of Allah in Allah's cause."

Meanwhile, Allah, Most High, revealed the following Qur'anic verse (in which He addresses His Prophet) saying,

 

Not for thee, (but for Allah), is the decision whether He turns in mercy to them, or punish them; for they are indeed wrong-doers.

(Al 'Imran. 128)

According to the scholars at Siyrah, when the enemy hemmed the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) in, he said,

Who will sell his life for us?"

At this, five of the Ansar got up and fought until they were killed, one by one. Their places were soon taken, however, by a number of Muslims who drove off the attackers. Amongst, the defending Muslims was Abu Dujanah who put his arms around the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and made himself into a human shield. Arrows were falling on his back as he leaned over the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), until there were many stuck in it.

Sa'd Ibn Abi Waqqas shot his arrows in defense of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). He said, "I have seen him handing me the arrows as he said, 'Shoot, may my father and my mother be your ransom,' until he would even hand me an arrow that had no head, saying, 'shoot with this.'"

 Al-Bukhari narrated on the authority of 'Ali (may Allah be pleased with him), "I have never heard the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) mentioning his father and mother for anybody other than Sa'd Ibn Malik. I heard him saying on the day of Uhud,

 ‘O Sa'd throw (arrows)! Let my father and mother be sacrificed for you!’

 To add to the confusion, it was rumored that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) had been killed. When the Muslims heard this they were at a loss to know what to do. Anas Ibn An-Nadr (may Allah be pleased with him) said, "0 people! If Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) has been killed what will your lives be worth without him? Don't think about living or dying. Fight for Allah. Get up and die the way Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) died." Then he persisted in fighting until he died a martyr.

 Regarding those who said that they should go back to their people because Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) had been killed, Allah, Most High, revealed the following Quranic verse,

  

Muhammad is no more than a Messenger: many were the Messengers that passed away before him. If he died or was slain, will ye then turn back on your heels? If any did turn back on his heels, not the least harm will he do to Allah; but Allah (on the other hand) will swiftly reward those who (serve him) with gratitude.

(Al 'Imran: 144)

According to Al-Bukhari, Anas narrated that when it was the day of Uhud, the people left the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) while Abu Talhah was in front of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) shielding him with his leather shield. Abu Talhah was a skillful archer who used to shoot violently. He broke two or three arrow bows on that day. If a man carrying a quiver full of arrows passed by, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) would say (to him), put (scatter) its contents for Abu Talhah. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) would raise his head to look at the enemy, whereupon Abu Talhah would say, "Let my father and mother be sacrificed for you! Do not raise your head, lest an arrow of the enemy should hit you. (Let) my neck (be struck) rather than your neck." I saw 'Aishah, the daughter of Abu Bakr, and Umm Sulaim rolling up their dresses so that I saw their leg-bangles while they were carrying water skins on their backs and emptying them in the mouths of the (wounded) people. They would return to refill them and again empty them in the mouths of the (wounded) people. The sword fell from Abu Talhah's hand twice or thrice (on that day).

Moreover, Al-Bukhari narrated on the authority of Abu Talhah (may Allah be blessed with him) his saying, "On the day of Uhud, I was amongst the people who fell asleep to the extent that my sword fell down from my hand more than one time."

In this context, we read in the Glorious Qur'an,

  

After (the excitement of) the distress, He sent down calm on band of YOU overcome with slumber, while another band was stirred to anxiety by their own feelings, moved by wrong suspicions of Allah ‑ suspicions due to ignorance. They said: 'Have we any hand in the affair?' Say thou: 'Indeed, this affair is wholly Allah's.' They hide in their minds what they dare not reveal to thee. They say to themselves), 'If we had had anything to do with this affair, we should not have been in the slaughter here.' Say: 'Even you had remained in your homes, those for whom death was decreed would certainly have gone forth to the place of their death', but (all this was) that Allah might test what is in your breasts and purge what is in your hearts. For Allah knoweth well the secrets of your hearts. Those of you who turned back on the day the two hosts met, - it was Satan who caused them to fail, because of some (evil) they had done. But Allah has blotted out (their fault): for Allah is Oft‑forgiving, Most Forbearing.

 

 (Al 'Imran: 154-155)

 

Uthman Tbn Mauhab also narrated that a man came to perform the Hay to (Allah's) House. Seeing some people sitting, he said, "Who are these sitting people?" Somebody said, "They are the people of Quraish." He said, "Who is the old man?" They said, "Ibn 'Umar." He went to him and said, "I want to ask you about something; will you tell me about it'? I ask you with the respect due to the sanctity of this (Sacred) House, do you know that ' Uthman Ibn ' Affan fled on the day of Uhud?" Ibn 'Umar said, "Yes." He said, "Do you know that he (i.e.,'Uthman) was absent from the Badr (battle) and did not join it?" Ibn Umar said, "Yes." He said, "Do you know that he failed to be present at the Ridwan Pledge of allegiance (i.e., Pledge of allegiance at Hudaibiyah) and did not witness it?" Ibn 'Umar replied, "Yes," He then said, "Allahu‑ Akbar (Allah is the Greatest!)" Ibn 'Umar said, "Come along; I will inform you and explain to you what you have asked. As for the flight (of 'Uthman) on the day of Uhud, I testify that Allah forgave him. As regards his absence from the Badr (battle), he was married to the daughter of Allah's Messenger and she was ill, so the Prophet said to him, 'You will have such reward as a man who has fought the Badr battle will get, and will also have the same share of the booty.' As for his absence from the Ridwan Pledge of allegiance, if there had been anybody more respected by the people of Makkah than 'Uthman Ibn 'Affan, the Prophet would surely have sent that man instead of 'Uthman. So the Prophet sent him (i.e., Uthman to Makkah) and the Ridwan Pledge of allegiance took place after

 Uthman had gone to Makkah. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) raised his right hand saying, 'This is the hand of Uthman,' and clapped it over his other hand and said, 'This is for 'Uthman.'" Ibn 'Umar then said (to the man), "Go now, after taking this information."

 On the day of Uhud, victory was first on the side of the Muslims. Allah, Most High, says,    

 

And did indeed fulfill His Promise to you when ye with His permission were about to annihilate your enemy, until ye flinched and fell to disputing about the order, and disobeyed it after He brought you in sight of the victory) which ye covet. Among you are some that hanker after his world and some that desire the Hereafter. Then did He divert you from your foes in order to test you. But He forgave you: for Allah is Full of grace to those Who believe. Behold! Ye were climbing up the high ground, without even casting a side‑ glance at any one, and the Messenger in your rear was calling you back. There did Allah give you one distress after another by way of requital, to teach you not to grieve for (the booty) that had escaped you and for (the ill) that had befallen you. For Allah is well aware of all that ye do.

(Al ' Imran: 152-153)

Consequences of the Battle

 The Battle came to an end. About seventy Muslims were martyred on that day. In the Sahih of Al-Bukhari, we of read the following narrations: Qatadah narrated that Anas Ibn Malik (may Allah be pleased with him) told us that seventy from the Ansar were martyred on the day of Uhud, and seventy on the day (of the battle of) Bir Ma' unah, and seventy on the day of Al-Yamarna.

Jabir Ibn ' Abdullah narrated that Allah's Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to shroud two martyrs of Uhud in one sheet and then say, "Which of them knew Qur'an more?" When one of the two was pointed out, he would put him first in the grave. Then he said,

 "I will be a witness for them on the Day of Judgment."

 He ordered them to be buried with their blood (on their bodies). Neither was the funeral Prayer offered for them, nor were they washed. Jabir added, "When my father was martyred, I started weeping and uncovering his face. The Companions of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) stopped me from doing so but the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) did not stop me. Then the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said,

'(O Jabir.) don't weep over him, for the Angels kept on covering him with their wings until his body was carried away for burial). "

 

 

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